On Wednesday, United States Senator Charles E. Schumer announced that the U.S. Senate has passed powerful new drug legislation that would permanently ban the deadly chemical compounds marketed and sold as bath salts and incense in Central New York, the North Country and the United States.
Schumer said he fought to include three bills relating to synthetic substances – S. 409 (Bath Salts), S. 605 (Synthetic Marijuana) and S. 839 (Synthetic Hallucinogens) – as part of the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act. Schumer and his colleagues were able to pass this ban over the strenuous objections of Senator Rand Paul (R-KY).
"Let this be a warning to those who make a profit manufacturing and selling killer chemical components to our teens and children in Central New York: the jig is up,” said Schumer. “This bill closes loopholes that have allowed manufacturers to circumvent local and state bans and ensures that you cannot simply cross state lines to find these deadly bath salts. We have seen bath salts catalyze some of the most heinous crimes in recent months and President Obama’s signature will ensure that the federal government can fight this scourge with a united front, across state lines and at our borders.”
Schumer’s bath salt legislation will specifically ban MDPV (methylenedioxypyrovalerone) and mephedrone, the active ingredients in bath salts and are now being sold online, at convenience stores, and in smoke shops under names like Tranquility, Zoom, Ivory Wave, Red Dove, Legal Phunk and Vanilla Sky. According to numerous reports, the chemicals found in bath salts cause effects similar to those caused by cocaine and methamphetamines, including hallucinations, paranoia, and suicidal thoughts. In one case a user was reported to have resorted to self-mutilation after abusing the substance. In several cases, users have died after overdosing or because of violent behavior.
Schumer’s legislation would make bath salts illegal in the United States by adding the active ingredients, MDPV and mephedrone, to Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act, which classifies drugs that are illegal and cannot be prescribed under any circumstances. In addition to MDPV and mephedrone, there are 29 other substances that Schumer’s bill bans.
During the past month, the Associated Press has reported a number of disturbing cases involving bath salts throughout Central New York. Bath salts are likely to blame for a woman’s alleged attempt on June 23 to bite the face of a police officer in Utica while screaming that she wanted to “kill someone and eat them.” In another incident, Utica police arrived at a home where a 20-year-old man had threatened to kill his mother and family. Police reported the man had ripped down a door in the house and was found punching a car in his driveway. State troopers in Oneida County encountered a man on bath salts holding an unloaded shotgun on his rooftop. In Marcy, NY on June 18, a man who was high on bath salts chased his neighbor into her home and attempted to break down her door with a broom, according to the Syracuse Post-Standard. The AP also reported that on June 12 in Madison County, a woman under the influence of bath salts died after being subdued by police for punching and choking her 3-year-old child.
Below are a list of all 31 substances that Schumer’s legislation would ban on a federal level:
A) Synthetic Marijuana:
1. 2-(3-hydroxycyclohexyl)phenol with substitution at the 5-position of the phenolic ring by alkyl or alkenyl, whether or not substituted on the cyclohexyl ring to any extent.
2. 3-(1-naphthoyl)indole or 3-(1-naphthylmethane)indole by substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring, whether or not further substituted on the indole ring to any extent, whether or not substituted on the naphthoyl or naphthyl ring to any extent.
3. 3-(1-naphthoyl)pyrrole by substitution at the nitrogen atom of the pyrrole ring, whether or not further substituted in the pyrrole ring to any extent, whether or not substituted on the naphthoyl ring to any extent.
4. 1-(1-naphthylmethylene)indene by substitution of the 3-position of the indene ring, whether or not further substituted in the indene ring to any extent, whether or not substituted on the naphthyl ring to any extent.
5. 3-phenylacetylindole or 3-benzoylindole by substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring, whether or not further substituted in the indole ring to any extent, whether or not substituted on the phenyl ring to any extent.
6. 5-(1,1-dimethylheptyl)-2-[(1R,3S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-phenol (CP-47,497);
7. 5-(1,1-dimethyloctyl)-2-[(1R,3S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-phenol (cannabicyclohexanol or CP-47,497 C8-homolog);
8. 1-pentyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-018 and AM678);
9. 1-butyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-073);
10. 1-hexyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-019);
11. 1-[2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl]-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-200);
12. 1-pentyl-3-(2-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole (JWH-250);
13. 1-pentyl-3-[1-(4-methoxynaphthoyl)]indole (JWH-081);
14. 1-pentyl-3-(4-methyl-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-122);
15. 1-pentyl-3-(4-chloro-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-398);
16. 1-(5-fluoropentyl)-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (AM2201);
17. 1-(5-fluoropentyl)-3-(2-iodobenzoyl)indole (AM694);
18. 1-pentyl-3-[(4-methoxy)-benzoyl]indole (SR-19 and RCS-4);
19. 1-cyclohexylethyl-3-(2-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole (SR-18 and RCS-8);
20. 1-pentyl-3-(2-chlorophenylacetyl)indole (JWH-203).'.
B) Bath Salts
21. 4-methylmethcathinone (Mephedrone).
22. 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV).
C) Synthetic Hallucinogens
23. 2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-E).
24. 2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-methylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-D).
25. 2-(4-Chloro-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-C).
26. 2-(4-Iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-I).
27. 2-[4-(Ethylthio)-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl]ethanamine (2C-T-2).
28. 2-[4-(Isopropylthio)-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl]ethanamine (2C-T-4).
29. 2-(2,5-Dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-H).
30. 2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-nitro-phenyl)ethanamine (2C-N).
31. 2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-(n)-propylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-P).'.