India's top court partially bans firecrackers as smog season begins

The Indian Supreme Court banned the sale of most firecrackers Tuesday, amid concerns their use during annual...

Posted: Oct 23, 2018 11:35 AM
Updated: Oct 23, 2018 11:35 AM

The Indian Supreme Court banned the sale of most firecrackers Tuesday, amid concerns their use during annual Diwali celebrations next month will again send pollution levels spiking across the country.

In its judgment, the court said the ban would apply to traditional firecrackers, but not so-called "green" fireworks, which it defined as being "low emission sound and light emitting functional crackers" that produce less polluting particulate matter.

Air pollution

Environment and natural resources

Fireworks

Leisure and lifestyle

Pollution

Asia

Continents and regions

India

Smog

South Asia

Diwali

Holidays and observances

Festivals

Particulate matter

The move comes as cities across India are experiencing heavy smog, as crop clearances and falling temperatures bring an annual plunge in air quality.

Critics were skeptical about how effective the ban would be and questioned how it would be enforced.

Gopal Sankaranarayanan, a lawyer who represented one of the petitioners to the court, said the exemption for "green" firecrackers meant little because, "as of now, none exist."

Ritwick Dutta, an environmental lawyer, agreed: "I don't know if there is anything known as green firecrackers. Firecrackers are supposed to generate sound and smoke. The whole concept of the firecrackers is to create a nuisance."

Diwali blues

The petition was originally filed in 2015 over concerns fireworks were a major cause of pollution in the country, and there have been repeated attempts to push for a partial or total ban since.

One major challenge to such rulings however is the annual festival of Diwali, which begins this year on November 7.

The celebration is known as the festival of light, and people celebrate by lighting lamps and bursting firecrackers in a symbolic representation of the triumph of good over evil

"During the festival season, it is impossible to police (fireworks). This kind of restriction does not really work," Dutta said.

In a judgment last year instituting a separate temporary ban on firecrackers, the Supreme Court said the adverse effects caused by setting the fireworks off during Diwali "have been witnessed year after year. The air quality deteriorates abysmally and alarmingly and the city chokes thereby."

Experts said it is hoped the latest, more widespread ban will drastically reduce the pollution caused by firecrackers -- both air and noise.

A similar ban on fireworks in Beijing helped improve air quality last winter according to state media, but it coincided with a major crackdown on pollution in neighboring areas -- one which won't be replicated this year over economic concerns.

Delhi smog

New Delhi has emerged as the focus of the debate within India over air pollution, after it was briefly the most polluted city in the world in 2016 and has consistently struggled to cut smog levels.

Last year, the chief minister, Arvind Kejriwal called the city a "gas chamber."

Nor are things much better outside of major urban areas. According to a recent study however, the majority of deaths in India related to air pollution -- around 75% -- occur in the countryside.

The past week has seen air quality in the Indian capital plunge again, with the Central Pollution Control Board recording an average air quality level of 272 on Monday. During Diwali last year, Delhi's air quality index reached 604.

According to the World Health Organization, an acceptable level for humans to breathe regularly is 25.

The measure is based on the concentration of fine particulate matter, or PM2.5, per cubic meter. The microscopic particles, which are smaller than 2.5 micrometers in diameter, are considered particularly harmful because they are small enough to lodge deep into the lungs and pass into other organs, causing serious health risks.

Breathing in air with a PM2.5 content of between 950 to 1,000 is considered roughly equivalent to smoking 44 cigarettes a day, according to the independent Berkeley Earth science research group.

New York Coronavirus Cases

County data is updated nightly.

Cases: 1650303

Reported Deaths: 47719
CountyCasesDeaths
Queens2118128784
Kings2109509118
Suffolk1628183086
Nassau1486692918
Bronx1445195881
Westchester1078572101
New York1039223906
Erie654191603
Richmond572011579
Monroe52679991
Rockland38628889
Orange37059720
Onondaga32452630
Dutchess22387408
Albany20890332
Oneida19735478
Niagara15324312
Broome14870336
Saratoga11970145
Schenectady10842178
Ulster10069228
Rensselaer9039132
Putnam836986
Chautauqua7336123
Chemung6440130
Oswego600289
Ontario580188
St. Lawrence553285
Steuben5509137
Cayuga537988
Jefferson480663
Sullivan475559
Herkimer4561107
Wayne447364
Cattaraugus442076
Genesee4411118
Madison384885
Clinton361026
Livingston355056
Tompkins345742
Columbia340096
Fulton333784
Montgomery3190107
Cortland316760
Allegany290481
Warren284155
Wyoming282049
Tioga280656
Greene264871
Orleans245181
Chenango243969
Otsego235543
Washington234352
Franklin208712
Lewis206730
Seneca162053
Delaware151933
Essex134226
Schoharie121012
Yates101426
Schuyler86812
Hamilton2842
Unassigned221140
Out of NY0192
Syracuse
Mostly Cloudy
22° wxIcon
Hi: 37° Lo: 5°
Feels Like: 22°
Binghamton
Partly Cloudy
24° wxIcon
Hi: 38° Lo: 7°
Feels Like: 16°
Mostly Cloudy
° wxIcon
Hi: 39° Lo: 7°
Feels Like: °
Cloudy
° wxIcon
Hi: 32° Lo: -4°
Feels Like: °
WKTV Radar
WKTV Temperatures
WKTV Severe Weather
Submit your Mutt Madness Picture through March 10th
March into Beautiful Skin Giveaway
2021 Golfer's Paradise Card - 21 Courses for only $99.99
Saluting Those Who Are Proud 2 Serve