A university is handing out coasters that could detect date-rape drugs in drinks

Article Image

College-aged women are as much as four times more susceptible to sexual...

Posted: Oct 18, 2019 10:30 AM

College-aged women are as much as four times more susceptible to sexual violence than women of all ages. With that in mind, the University of New Mexico is hoping some drink coasters can potentially prevent the nightmare of sexual assault for students.

Students can stop by the college's Campus Office for Substance Abuse Prevention to pick up free coasters designed to detect if two common date rape drugs are present in drinks.

The coasters test for gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB) and ketamine, two of the most common date-rape drugs, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse. GHB is a depressant that causes drowsiness and nausea; ketamine is an anesthetic that reduces feeling and can distort victims' senses.

To test with the coasters, users take a drop of their drink and rub it on two small circles (one tests for GHB, another for ketamine) and wait to see if the circles' colors change. A blue circle means the drink is spiked.

Randall Sterling, the office's senior research scientist, said student fees pay for the coasters, which are shared with campus groups like Greek organizations, too.

The coasters can be a small but crucial effort in curbing date rape -- or even making potential predators think twice, he said.

"We hear tales. We all know someone (affected)," he said.

It's difficult to study drugged rape and sexual assault

The prevalence of sexual assault on college campuses can be difficult to quantify. In a campus climate survey of nine public, private and community colleges and universities, the US Department of Justice found as many as 51% of women said they'd been sexually assaulted or raped by their senior year.

Most incidents were informally reported to friends or family: 68% of sexual batteries and 64% of rapes. Only 4.3% of sexual battery incidents and 12.5% of rapes were reported to authorities during the study.

The use of date-rape drugs in sexual assault is even harder to prove. A survey from Alcohol.org, a branch of the American Addiction Centers, found that 56% of women and 44% of men said their drinks were spiked without their knowledge. Nearly 40% of respondents said it happened more than once.

But the majority of respondents -- 41% -- didn't know what substances had been used to drug them.

That's because more than 100 different substances have been used in reported date rapes, according to the Society of Forensic Toxicologists. Most of them are colorless and odorless and easily dissolve into liquid.

These drugs can leave the body within 12 to 72 hours after their consumption, according to the Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network (RAINN). The organization recommends victims who suspect they've been drugged and assaulted get to a hospital immediately to complete a sexual assault forensic exam.

If it's impossible to make it to a hospital, RAINN suggests victims save their urine in a sealed container and freeze or refrigerate it.

Drug detection devices aren't foolproof

DrinkSafe Technologies developed the drug detector coasters sold to the University of New Mexico, owner Lance Norris told CNN. At just $0.85 each, they're cheaper than most any drink at a bar.

But the coaster doesn't promise to be definitive: The fine print on the back warns users that the blue circle doesn't guarantee the drink contains either drug, but that "there is something detected that should not be present."

And if a drink is blue in hue, the coaster may show a false-positive.

Studies about the efficacy of devices like DrinkSafe coasters are years old and show mixed results, but if they heighten college students' awareness about their risk, Sterling said, then they're worth using.

"Hopefully one day we won't have to even use these," he said. "But I think it's good for students to realize that these things are out there."

New York Coronavirus Cases

County data is updated nightly.

Confirmed Cases: 366733

Reported Deaths: 29529
CountyConfirmedDeaths
New York City20105121415
Nassau401402114
Suffolk393591871
Westchester332931357
Rockland13076626
Orange10325443
Erie5886504
Dutchess3867138
Monroe2824198
Onondaga2054127
Albany181476
Ulster165874
Sullivan135130
Putnam123658
Niagara98463
Oneida95946
Schenectady67629
Broome54544
Rensselaer46928
Saratoga46811
Columbia38032
Madison31010
Warren25326
Steuben24141
Greene23618
Washington23113
Orleans21233
St. Lawrence2012
Ontario2019
Fulton20018
Genesee1974
Tompkins1560
Chemung1361
Tioga12621
Chenango1260
Livingston1187
Wayne1123
Oswego1073
Herkimer1063
Clinton954
Cattaraugus850
Cayuga841
Montgomery824
Wyoming825
Chautauqua814
Delaware784
Jefferson720
Otsego705
Seneca560
Schoharie490
Allegany450
Yates396
Cortland390
Essex360
Lewis200
Franklin200
Schuyler110
Hamilton50
Unassigned00
Utica
Overcast
77° wxIcon
Hi: 83° Lo: 57°
Feels Like: 79°
Oneonta
Overcast
69° wxIcon
Hi: 80° Lo: 57°
Feels Like: 69°
Herkimer
Overcast
77° wxIcon
Hi: 82° Lo: 58°
Feels Like: 79°
Thendara
Overcast
77° wxIcon
Hi: 76° Lo: 52°
Feels Like: 79°
WKTV Radar
WKTV Temperatures
WKTV Severe Weather
Click here to learn more about A Healthier Mohawk Valley
Saluting Those Who Are Proud 2 Serve
Senior Send-Off brought to you by Herkimer College
Menu 2 Go list of takeout dinners & fish fries
Apply to Go the Distance 2020
23 courses for only $79.99