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Coronavirus vaccine trial administers first dose to participant

A novel coronavirus vaccine trial in the US has...

Posted: Mar 17, 2020 12:47 PM

A novel coronavirus vaccine trial in the US has now given a dose to its first participant, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases announced Monday.

The study aims to enroll a total of 45 healthy adults over a six-week time frame. Each participant will receive two injections about a month apart in varying doses.

There is currently no vaccine for coronavirus, which has spread to 4,477 reported cases across 49 states, Puerto Rico, the US Virgin Islands and the District of Columbia. At least 87 people have died.

The study, which is a Phase I trial, is meant to establish that the vaccine is safe and induces a desired response from participants' immune systems. Proving that the vaccine is effective in preventing Covid-19 infection, however, will require follow-up studies involving many more participants, which will take many more months, experts say.

"Finding a safe and effective vaccine to prevent infection with (the novel coronavirus) is an urgent public health priority," NIAID Director Dr. Anthony Fauci said in a statement Monday. "This Phase 1 study, launched in record speed, is an important first step toward achieving that goal."

The trial is funded by NIAID and run out of the Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute in Seattle. The vaccine, which uses genetic material called messenger RNA, was developed by NIAID scientists in collaboration with the biotech company Moderna.

The agency credited the speed with which it stood up a Phase I trial to its prior studies on related coronaviruses SARS and MERS. Scientists had previously worked on an experimental MERS vaccine targeting a protein on the virus' surface, which gave them a "head start for developing a vaccine candidate to protect against Covid-19," the statement said.

In the time it will take for a vaccine to go through its trials, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says the most effective precautions are thorough hand washing and social distancing practices that limit gathering in large groups.

New York Coronavirus Cases

County data is updated nightly.

Cases: 1980337

Reported Deaths: 51418
CountyCasesDeaths
Kings2621119933
Queens2613019549
Suffolk1920063307
Nassau1759193106
Bronx1735626372
New York1307874308
Westchester1248812238
Erie811411694
Richmond700891744
Monroe603251034
Orange45755782
Rockland45439941
Onondaga35694661
Dutchess27720433
Albany23473343
Oneida21329497
Niagara17999332
Broome17239348
Saratoga14292160
Ulster12882241
Schenectady12332192
Rensselaer10567136
Putnam1011391
Chautauqua8304132
Chemung7081133
Oswego693990
Ontario681191
Steuben6231141
St. Lawrence615594
Sullivan606168
Cayuga582590
Jefferson542463
Wayne519667
Cattaraugus509880
Genesee5028121
Herkimer4896107
Clinton450132
Madison427385
Tompkins403449
Fulton402186
Livingston397058
Montgomery3861115
Columbia380999
Cortland352260
Tioga335758
Warren334956
Wyoming322651
Otsego315646
Allegany315483
Greene309474
Chenango304874
Washington282655
Orleans273483
Lewis243233
Franklin238312
Delaware213736
Seneca185756
Schoharie153815
Essex149326
Yates110126
Schuyler98313
Hamilton3012
Unassigned172100
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